Assessment under Section 143(3) assessment void if any case picked up contrary to CBDT’s Scrutiny guidelines.
In a landmark judgment that could provide relief to assessees across the country, the courts have held that the assessment is void if the case has been picked up for scrutiny in contravention to guidelines laid down by CBDT for selecting case under scrutiny
In the instant case, for AY 2006-07, the assessee filed a ROI declaring income of Rs. 3.97 crore. The case was selected for scrutiny under clause 2(v)(b) of the Scrutiny Guidelines issued by the CBDT. The said clause of the Scrutiny Guidelines provided that a case had to be selected for compulsory scrutiny if an addition/ disallowance of Rs. 5 lacs or more was pending in appeal before the CIT(A) and such identical issue also originated in the year under consideration.
The assessee claimed that as this condition stipulated in the Scrutiny Guidelines was not satisfied, the Assessing Officer had no jurisdiction to select the case for scrutiny.
The Assessing Officer & CIT(A) rejected the claim.
On appeal by the assessee to the Tribunal, HELD allowing the appeal :
The CBDT’s instructions for assumption of jurisdiction for selection of cases of corporate assesses for scrutiny and assessment are issued u/s 119 and are binding on the Assessing Officer and have to be followed by him in letter and spirit. The burden lies on the authority assuming jurisdiction to show and establish that such instructions have duly been complied and satisfied in letter and spirit.
On facts, as there was no disallowance of Rs. 5 lacs or more in the earlier years and as no identical issue had arisen in the present year, the notice issued u/s 143(2) was not in terms of the CBDT’s Scrutiny Guidelines and consequently the assumption of jurisdiction was illegal and the entire assessment proceedings were invalid (Nayana P. Dedhia 270 ITR 572 (AP) followed). (CRYSTAL PHOSPHATES LTD. V. ACIT  33 taxmann.com 116 (Delhi – Trib.)
Case details contributed, Courtesy: Pavan Singla <firstname.lastname@example.org>